CDM - Shore

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CDM

Shore provides a flexible and effective solution to the Construction (Design and Management) Regulations 2015.

Our professional team of CDM consultants ensure that your project meets the requirements of The Construction (Design and Management) Regulations 2015 (CDM 2015).

Our aim is to work with you and ensure that Health & Safety is an essential and integral part of any building work being undertaken, including works being carried out on new or existing structures, alterations, refurbishment, extensions and demolitions.

The CDM Regulations are the principle set of regulations for managing the health, safety and welfare of construction projects. They apply to all construction activities within mainland UK, regardless of the size of the project, the nature of the works, or the type of client the works are being undertaken for. They apply a ‘start to finish’ approach to a construction project, ensuring that any development design proposals are “Safe to Build, Safe to Maintain and Safe to Demolish.”

To find out more about CDM and how we can help contact us.

Customer/Client

Clients, amongst other duty holders, are pivotal to ensuring the success the project as they have the most influence when it comes to financial control, final design decisions, and the amount of time allocated to safely undertake the construction activities. They are also responsible for appointing a competent professional team to support them with the works.

Client

A client is an organisation or individual having a construction project carried out in connection with a business.

The Construction Design Management (CDM) Regulations 2015 apply to both domestic and commercial clients. This guidance document is for commercial clients.

A client has a responsibility to make suitable arrangements for managing a project. This includes making sure that:

  • Other duty holders are appointed
  • Sufficient time and resources are allocated
  • Relevant information is prepared and provided to other duty holders
  • The principal designer and principal contractor carry out their duties
  • Welfare facilities are provided

Domestic Client

You are a domestic client if you’re having building work carried out which is not connected to running a business, typically on the property where you or a family member lives.

You are included in these new regulations, but your duties as a client are normally transferred to:

  • The contractor on a single contractor project or
  • The principal contractor on a project involving more than one contractor

The domestic client can choose to have a written agreement with the principal designer to carry out the client duties.

Architect Designer
The term designer covers anyone who as part of a business, prepares or modify designs for a building, product or system relating to construction work. Designers, therefore, can vary from Architects, Structural Engineers, M&E consultants, even down to Quantity Surveyors and Project Managers.

Depending on the level of involvement you have on a project and amount of direct influence you have in the design, the client may appoint you as Principal Designer (PD) to undertake the PD duties in accordance with CDM 2015.

Principal Designer

The Principal Designer has overall control of the pre-construction phase of a project with regards to health & safety and should be appointed at the very earliest opportunity on the project, managing through from concept design through to planning the delivery of the construction works.

In liaison with other parties, the Principal Designer has an important role to play in influencing how the risks to health & safety should be managed and incorporated into the wider management of a project.

The Principal Designer’s work should focus on ensuring the design work in the pre-construction phase contributes to the delivery of positive health & safety outcomes, and by bringing together other duty holders to ensure everyone carries out their own duties to achieve this.

Designer

A designer, whilst may not be a principal designer, still has specific obligations under the legislation, to ensure their designs take into account the general principals of prevention and any pre-construction information to eliminate, so far as is reasonably practicable, foreseeable risks to the health or safety of any person either carrying out or liable to be affected by construction, maintaining or cleaning a structure, or using the structure designed as a workplace.

Designer, as per other duty holders must be able to demonstrate that they have the necessary skills, knowledge and experience to fulfil the role in accordance with the regulations.

Project Manager/Contract Administrator

Under the regulations, project managers and/or contract administrators have no legal obligation under CDM2015 in their own right, unless they are performing other duties such as designer or principal designer functions, whereby in turn they will be responsible for the provision of those duties as well.

They may however assist the client with the facilitation of appointments of others. However, under CDM2015 they have no formal duties. Note: they will have other legal or duty of care responsibilities under their PM/CA roles which are outside the remit of the CDM Regulations.

Principal Designer

The Principal Designer has overall control of the pre-construction phase of a project with regards to health & safety and should be appointed at the very earliest opportunity on the project, managing through from concept design through to planning the delivery of the construction works.

In liaison with other parties, the Principal Designer has an important role to play in influencing how the risks to health & safety should be managed and incorporated into the wider management of a project.

The Principal Designer’s work should focus on ensuring the design work in the pre-construction phase contributes to the delivery of positive health & safety outcomes, and by bringing together other duty holders to ensure everyone carries out their own duties to achieve this.

Designer

A designer, whilst may not be a principal designer, still has specific obligations under the legislation, to ensure their designs take into account the general principals of prevention and any pre-construction information to eliminate, so far as is reasonably practicable, foreseeable risks to the health or safety of any person either carrying out or liable to be affected by construction, maintaining or cleaning a structure, or using the structure designed as a workplace.

Designer, as per other duty holders must be able to demonstrate that they have the necessary skills, knowledge and experience to fulfil the role in accordance with the regulations.

Landlord/Property Owner

Landlords and or property owners usually, but not always, undertake the role of Client, as they are the person ultimately commissioning the instructions. They may, however, undertake other works such as specifications to certain elements of the works, or confirming specific methodology or work sequencing of the project.

Client

The client is the person at the top of the project tree, ultimately with overall responsibility for the project. They are the person or organisation for whom a construction project is carried out.

Clients can be either commercial or domestic, with both having specific duties under the regulations.

The client has a major influence over the way a project is procured and managed. Regardless of the size of the project, the client had contractual control, appoints the designers and contractors, and determines the money, time and other resources available.

Under the regulations, should a commercial client fail to appoint in writing other duty holders then by default they are legally responsible for the execution of those obligations and duties. It is therefore imperative that unless the client is willing to do so, they make those other appointments as soon as practical in the process.

Principal Designer

The Principal Designer has overall control of the pre-construction phase of a project with regards to health & safety and should be appointed at the very earliest opportunity on the project, managing through from concept design through to planning the delivery of the construction works.

In liaison with other parties, the Principal Designer has an important role to play in influencing how the risks to health & safety should be managed and incorporated into the wider management of a project.

The Principal Designer’s work should focus on ensuring the design work in the pre-construction phase contributes to the delivery of positive health & safety outcomes, and by bringing together other duty holders to ensure everyone carries out their own duties to achieve this.

Designer

A designer, whilst may not be a principal designer, still has specific obligations under the legislation, to ensure their designs take into account the general principals of prevention and any pre-construction information to eliminate, so far as is reasonably practicable, foreseeable risks to the health or safety of any person either carrying out or liable to be affected by construction, maintaining or cleaning a structure, or using the structure designed as a workplace.

Designer, as per other duty holders must be able to demonstrate that they have the necessary skills, knowledge and experience to fulfil the role in accordance with the regulations.

Principal Contractor

A principal contractor is the organisation or person that coordinates the work of the construction phase of a project involving more than one contractor, so it is carried out in a way that secures health and safety. They are appointed by the client and must possess the skills, knowledge, and experience, and (if an organisation) the organisational capability to carry out their role effectively given the scale and complexity of the project and the nature of the health and safety risks involved.

Good management of health and safety on site is crucial to the successful delivery of a construction project. In liaison with the client and principal designer, principal contractors have an important role in managing the risks of the construction work and providing strong leadership to ensure standards are understood and followed.

The Principal Contractor is responsible for all things H&S related at site level, and must carefully liaise with the client, professional team and principal designer where appointed at all times during the process, to offer guidance and coordination on construction H&S matters. An example of this may be offering guidance on a construction method or technique or offering specialist advice on high-risk construction activity.

Contractor/Builder

A contractor may be an individual, a sole trader, a self-employed worker or a business who carries out, manages or controls construction work in connection with a business. Anyone who directly engages construction workers or manages construction work is a contractor. This includes companies that use their own workforce to do construction work on their own premises.

The main duty of a contractor is to plan and manage construction work under their control so that it is carried out in a way that controls risks to health and safety.

They have a range of other duties that depend on whether more than one contractor is involved in the project. If so, their duties entail co-ordinating their activities with others involved in the project team – in particular, complying with directions given to them by the principal designer or principal contractor.

If there is only one contractor for the work, they have responsibilities to prepare a construction phase plan and prevent unauthorised access to the site. Where contractors are involved in design work, including for temporary works, they will carry out duties as designers.

Our team of dedicated and experienced experts provide fully comprehensive and tailored CDM services.

  • Our Services

    We offer a range of independent and flexible services designed to deliver our clients with effective and robust CDM arrangements:

    • General advice to clients and other duty holders on the CDM 2015 Regulations Providing the CDM Advisor or Principal Designer function on projects
    • Assisting clients and professional teams with the provision of the necessary pre-construction information
    • Assist designers to fully consider Design Risk Management as an integral part of their design development process
    • Assess the competence of duty holders a
    • F10 Notifications to the Health & Safety Executive
    • Review and comment on Principal Contractors’ Construction Phase Plans, to ensure they are suitable and sufficient for the scale and complexity of the project
    • CDM compliance inspections
    • Review Health & Safety files provided by other duty holders, or provide the file where we are appointed as Principal Designer
  • The Health and Safety at Work Act 1974

    The Health & Safety at Work Act 1974 is an Act of UK Parliament defining the fundamental structure and authority for the encouragement, regulation and enforcement of workplace health, safety and welfare.

    This primary legislation provides the ‘umbrella’ whereby a majority of other health & safety legislation (secondary legislation) falls under, which includes Management of Health & Safety at Work Regulations 1999, Workplace (Health, Safety and Welfare) Regulations 1991, and Construction (Design and Management) Regulations 2015 to name a few.

    The legislation is in place to clearly define the parameters to which all businesses, persons, organisations or employees must work within with regards to health & safety.

  • The Construction (Design & Management) Regulations 2015

    The Construction (Design and Management) Regulations 2015 “CDM 2015”is the principle set of regulations for managing the health, safety and welfare of construction projects, which is an integral part of any building project.

    The Regulations:

    • Cover all types of building work including alterations and refurbishments, extensions, demolitions or building works of a new or existing structure.
    • Are designed to ensure that health and safety are included in the project at the very beginning, before work starts, ensuring that risks are identified and resolved before they become a problem.
    • Apply to all construction activities within mainland UK, regardless of the size of the project, the nature of the works, or the type of client the works are being undertaken for.
    • Provide a ‘cradle to grave’ approach to a construction project and beyond, ensuring that any project or design proposals are “Safe to Build, Safe to Maintain, and Safe to Demolish.”
    • Ensure that works are informed about the risks that may affect them and how they are being managed.
    • Help ensure cooperation and coordination between all those involved in or affected by the project, that communication is effective and that the right information about risks is held and shared.
    • Place specific duties on individual roles involved with any building work so it’s important to ensure you have the right people for the job. There are 6 main duty holders recognised under the legislation:
    1. Clients, amongst other duty holders, are pivotal to ensuring the successful the project as they have the most influence when it comes to financial control, final design decisions, and the amount of time allocated to safely undertake the construction activities.
      They are also responsible for appointing a competent professional team to support them with the works.
    2. Principal Designers must be a designer and have control over the pre-construction phase of the project, they need to have sufficient knowledge, experience and ability to carry out the role.
      Their role is to plan, manage, continually review and coordinate the pre‑construction phase of the project, and to ensure of health and safety have been included as part of the design.
    3. Designers are part of a business that prepares or modifies designs for a building, product or system relating to construction work.
      A designer’s role when preparing or modifying designs is to eliminate, reduce or control foreseeable risks that may happen during construction or maintenance and use of a building after it’s been built.
      The designer also provides information to other members of the project team to help them fulfil their duties.
    4. Principal Contractors are appointed by the client to plan, manage, monitor and coordinate health and safety during the construction phase of a project when there’s more than one contractor involved.
      Their duties include liaising with the client and principal designer, preparing the construction phase plan, organising work and ensuring cooperation between all contractors.
      They must ensure:
      a. That suitable site inductions are provided
      b. Reasonable steps are taken to prevent unauthorised access
      c. Workers are consulted and engaged in health and safety matters
      d. Welfare facilities are provided
    5. Contractors are individual or organisation doing the actual construction work. They are sole traders, self-employed workers, individuals or business carrying out, managing or controlling work in the construction industry.
      Anyone who directly engages construction workers or manages construction work is a contractor. This includes companies that use their own workforce to do the work on their premises and duties apply to all workers be they employees, self-employed or agency workers.
      The contractor’s duty is to:
      a. Plan, manage and monitor construction work under their control so that it is carried out without risks to health and safety
      b. For projects involving more than one contractor, coordinate their activities with others in the project team – in particular, comply with directions given to them by the principal designer or principal contractor
      c. For single contractor projects, prepare a construction phase plan
    6. Workers are individuals working for or under the control of contractors within a construction site.
      As people working for or under the control of contractors within a construction site the workers have duties as well as their employers.
      Workers must:
      a. Be consulted about matters which affect their health, safety and welfare
      b. Take care of their own health and safety and others who may be affected by their actions
      c. Report anything, they see which is likely to endanger either their own or others’ health and safety
      d. Cooperate with their employer, fellow workers, contractors and other duty holders

    Other persons may be appointed on a project, such as CDM Advisors or Consultants, however, their roles are to assist others with fulfilling their legal duties under the legislation.

    Failure to comply with The Construction (Design and Management) Regulations 2015 can lead to project Clients being prosecuted by the Health & Safety Executive in the criminal courts.

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If you need further guidance on the requirements of the regulations, or would like to discuss appointing us for a particular project please do get in touch.

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